In this article we explore the theoretical connection between studies on care and the proposals offered by the social disability model. The aim is to highlight the scientific knowledge generated by the group of people with functional diversity to incorporate it into the various approaches to care. Our ultimate goal is to forge a model of care that meets the demands of the movement for independent life in terms of functional diversity.
Families in situations of chronicity and dependency on social services constitute just one of the profiles professionals forming basic social care services deal with. The risk of dependence on the part of these families often stems from two aspects: firstly, the gradual delegation of basic functions onto institutional and professional structures; and, secondly, lack of knowledge or difficulties for professionals when it comes to determining the most suitable models and methods for intervention.
In the Western world, new phenomena are developing, such as the aging of the population, which leads to growing concern on the part of social workers who deem this to be a multifactorial problem. The hospitalization of elderly patients in Western countries has become a growing phenomenon in recent years.
This study raises the issue of the relationship between patients’ social circumstances and the time spent admitted to hospital, while also considering the influence that the complexity and the organisation of social hospital intervention may have on this period. The study benefits from a sample of 105 patients admitted, assessed and attended by social workers in the subacute care unit at Centre Fòrum in Barcelona in 2017 (n = 105).