The RTS (Social Work Journal), published by the Official Association of Social Work of Catalonia (TSCAT), is a specialist journal that has been published since 1960, nowadays every six months (June and December). Its aim is to help enhance professional action by conveying theoretical and practical knowledge along with critical, transformative reflection surrounding social intervention.

The RTS publishes articles on original research, theoretical projects and practical experiences associated with social work, social services and social policies.

Two issues a year are published, drawn up based on the free submission of articles, along with a third issue devoted to a relevant monographic topic from the present day. The articles are presented in Catalan and Spanish with the occasional article in English as well.

Ongoing receipt of articles
Original articles may be submitted to the RTS at any time via this very platform by following the directions set out in the section “Submissions”.

System for review of articles
The selection of articles is performed by means of the external, double-blind peer review system.

Free access policy
The RTS seeks to contribute to global knowledge sharing and, as a result, offers open access.

The following members have formed part of the editorial board of the Social Work Journal (RTS) since 31 May 2022:

  • Maria Victòria Forns i Fernández Director

    Ph.D. in Anthropology, diploma in Social Work and bachelor’s degree in Cultural and Social Anthropology. Permanent collaborating lecturer in the Social Work and Social Services area of the Department of Anthropology, Philosophy and Social Work, coordinator of the Social Work study programme, director of the postgraduate programme on the Legal System for Social Care, and director of the Chair of Inclusion of Rovira i Virgili University.

  • Claudia María Anleu Hernández Deputy director

    Ph.D. in Social Mediation and Migration (URV) and bachelor’s degree in Social Work. Tenure-track lecturer in the Social Work and Social Services area of the Department of Anthropology, Philosophy and Social Work of Rovira and Virgili University (URV).

  • Mati González Jiménez Secretary

    Social worker. Member of the Technical Consultancy Team in the Family Sphere (EATAF), Catalan Ministry of Justice. Member of the TSCAT Childhood and Family Committee. Collaborating lecturer in the postgraduate programme on Social Forensics of the University of Vic and TSCAT.

  • Maite Boldú Alfonso Editorial board

    Social worker and bachelor’s degree in Humanities. Head of the Basic Social Services Unit at La Selva County Council. Associate professor on the bachelor’s degree in Social Work of the University of Girona (UdG). Member of the UdG CISA research group.

  • Anna López Romero Editorial board

    Social worker, social educator and bachelor’s degree in Cultural and Social Anthropology. She practices in the field of early care with Sant Cugat Early Care and Childhood Development Centre-DAPSI. Associate professor on the bachelor’s degrees in Education and Social Work at Pere Tarrés Faculty of Ramon Llull University.

  • Sergi Martí i Moreno Editorial board

    Social worker. Head of the Department for Social Participation. Social Rights Area, Global Justice, Feminism and LGBTI. Barcelona City Council.

  • Montserrat Pedret Risco Editorial board

    Social worker with the Psycho-educational Consultancy Team of Baix Ebre. Master’s degree in Innovation in Educational and Social Intervention. Member of the TSCAT Educational Social Work Committee.

  • Xavier Pelegrí Viaña Editorial board

    Ph.D. in Anthropology, bachelor’s degree in Cultural and Social Anthropology, diploma in Social Work. Permanent collaborating lecturer in the Social Work and Social Services area of the Department of Geography and Sociology of the University of Lleida. Currently retired.

  • Jaume Ferrández Rubió Technical coordination

    Technical support for RTS Editorial Board and editorial coordination.

  • Carlos Alarcón Zwirnmann, Ajuntament de Barcelona
  • Ana Alcázar Campos, Universidad de Granada
  • Elisa Alegre Agís, Universitat Rovira i Virgili i Universitat Oberta de Catalunya
  • Raúl Álvarez Pérez, Universidad Pablo de Olavide, Sevilla
  • Teresa Amezcua Aguilar, Universidad de Jaén
  • Marta Arranz Montull, Universitat de Barcelona
  • Rosa Bonfill Galimany, Universitat de Barcelona
  • Marta Bonilla Ibern, Institut Català de la Salut
  • Joaquim Brugué Torruella, Universitat de Girona
  • Montse Burgués Bargués, Departament de Justícia. Generalitat de Catalunya
  • José Francisco Campos Vidal, Universitat de les Illes Balears
  • Neus Caparrós Civera, Universidad de la Rioja
  • Neus Cárdenas Morell, Villablanca Serveis Assistencials i Universitat Rovira i Virgili
  • Josefa Cardona Cardona, Universitat de les Illes Balears
  • Xavier Casademont Falguera, Universitat de Girona
  • Mercè Cívit Illa, Col·legi Oficial de Treball Social de Catalunya
  • Ferran Cortès Izquierdo, Universitat de Barcelona
  • Javier Cortés Moreno, Universidad de Jaén
  • Laura Crous Gonzàlez, LCG Treball Social Consulting
  • Maria Elena Cuartero Castañer, Universitat de les Illes Balears
  • Nuria del Álamo Gómez, Universidad de Salamanca
  • Dídac del Pino Parra, Institut Català de la Salut i Universitat de Barcelona
  • Leonel del Prado, Universidad de la República de Uruguay (Uruguai)
  • Iria Noa de la Fuente, Universidad Complutense de Madrid
  • Yolanda Doménech López, Universitat d'Alacant
  • Laura Domínguez de la Rosa, Universidad de Málaga
  • Paula Durán Monfort, Universitat de Barcelona
  • Josefa Fernández Barrera, Universitat de Barcelona
  • Núria Fustier i Garcia, Universitat de Girona
  • Eva Mª Garcés Trullenque, Hospital Clínico Lozano Blesa de Zaragoza i Universidad de Zaragoza
  • Ángela Garcia Bernardos, Universitat de Barcelona
  • Sergio García García, Universidad Complutense de Madrid
  • Marisa Garcia Tena, Conselleria de Sanitat Universal i Salut Pública. Generalitat Valenciana
  • María José Giménez Elizondo, Institut Municipal de Serveis Socials. Ajuntament de Barcelona
  • Manuel Gutiérrez Pascual, Consejo General de Trabajo Social. Revista Servicios Sociales y Política Social. UNED
  • Alejandro Hernández Melián, Universidad Complutense de Madrid
  • Agustina Hervas de la Torre, Hospital Universitario Virgen del Rocío (Sevilla)
  • Oriol Imbernon Valiente, Institut Català de la Salut i Universitat de Barcelona
  • Jose Antonio Langarita Adiego, Universitat de Girona
  • Mª Rosario Luis-Yagüe López, Consejeria de Sanidad. Comunidad de Madrid
  • Xavier Martínez Ramírez, Consorci Sanitari de Terrassa
  • Maribel Martín Estalayo, Universidad Complutense de Madrid
  • Anna Mata Romeu, Universitat de Lleida
  • María Virginia Matulič Domandzič, Universitat de Barcelona
  • Josep M. Mesquida González, Universitat de Barcelona
  • Mario Millán Franco, Universidad de Málaga
  • Javier Mira Grau, Universitat d'Alacant
  • Laura Moya Santander, Universidad de Zaragoza
  • Ariadna Munté Pascual, Universitat de Barcelona
  • Jesús Muyor Rodríguez, Universidad de Cádiz
  • Belén Navarro Llobregat, Instituto Almeriense de Tutela
  • Miquel Àngel Oliver Perelló, Universitat de les Illes Balears
  • Càndid Palacín Bartrolí, Universitat de Barcelona
  • María de las Olas Palma García, Universidad de Málaga
  • Belén Parra Ramajo, Universitat de Barcelona
  • Silvia Patricia Cury, Universidad Complutense de Madrid
  • María Valeria Pérez Chaca, Universidad Nacional de Cuyo (Argentina)
  • Núria Prat Bau, Universitat de Barcelona
  • Carmina Puig Cruells, Universitat Rovira i Virgili
  • Magda Purroy Montull, Universitat de Barcelona
  • Pilar Quejido Molinero, Universitat de Lleida
  • Christian Andrés Quinteros Flores, Escuela de Administración Pública. Universidad Católica del Maule (Xile)
  • Elena Requena Varón, Universitat Ramon Llull
  • Clara Riera Sans, Ajuntament de Santa Coloma de Gramenet
  • Mercè Riquelme Olivares, Institut Català d’Oncologia
  • Marinilda Rivera Díaz, Universidad de Puerto Rico (Puerto Rico)
  • Vicenta Rodríguez Martín, Universidad de Castilla-La Mancha
  • Luis Manuel Rodríguez Otero, Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León (Mèxic)
  • Luis Miguel Rondón García, Universidad de Málaga
  • José Daniel Rueda Estrada, Universidad de Valladolid
  • Laura Salamero Teixidó, Universitat de Lleida
  • Paula Sepúlveda Navarrete, Universidad de Cádiz
  • Cecilia Serrano Martínez, Universidad de la Rioja
  • Àgata Sol Rueda, Associació Ambdrets
  • Eva Somovilla Adame, Universidad de Málaga
  • Raül Soto Esteban, Universidad Complutense de Madrid
  • Maria del Roser Talamantes Segarra, Ajuntament de la Vall d'Uixó i Universitat de València
  • Josep M. Torralba Roselló, Universitat de Barcelona
  • Lorena Valenzuela Vela, Universidad de Granada
  • Ana Isabel Vázquez Cañete, Universitat de València
  • José Juan Zurro Muñoz, Universidad de Valladolid

 

  • Ana Alcázar Campos, Universidad de Granada
  • Montserrat Bacardit Busquet, director of the RTS (2006-2014)
  • Beth Bàrbara Sirera, Ajuntament de Barcelona
  • Ángel Gabriel Belzunegui Eraso, Universitat Rovira i Virgili
  • Joaquim Brugué Torruella, Universitat de Girona
  • Annamaria Campanini, Università degli Studi di Milano-Bicocca (Italy)
  • Rosa M. Carrasco Coria, Institut Català de la Salut. Director of the RTS (2018-2022)
  • Maria Dolors Comas d'Argemir i Cendra, Universitat Rovira i Virgili
  • Cristina De Robertis, author and teacher (France)
  • Teresa Facal Fondo, Universidad de Santiago de Compostela
  • Josefa Fernández Barrera, Universitat de Barcelona
  • Rosa Maria Ferrer Valls, director of the RTS (2014-2018)
  • Josefa Fombuena Valero, Universitat de València
  • Pilar Fransitorra Brase, director of the RTS (1968)
  • Marga Garcia Canela, Institut Català de la Salut
  • Víctor Manuel Giménez-Bertomeu, Universitat d'Alacant
  • Carme Guinovart Garriga, Hospital Universitari de la Santa Creu de Vic
  • Soraya Hernández Moscoso, Hospital de Sant Joan de Déu de Barcelona
  • Francisco Idareta Goldaracena, Universidad Pública de Navarra
  • María Tereza Leal Cavalcante, Universitat de Barcelona
  • Silvana Martínez, Federación Internacional de Trabajo Social - FITS (Argentina)
  • Francesca Masgoret Llardent, directora de l'RTS (1965-1968)
  • Mª Teresa Massons Rabassa, director of the RTS (1998-2002)
  • Miguel Miranda Aranda, Universidad de Zaragoza
  • Xavier Miranda Ruche, Universitat de Lleida
  • Carlos Montaño Barreto, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro (Brazil)
  • Laura Morro Fernández, Parc Salut Mar de Barcelona
  • Belén Parra Ramajo, Universitat de Barcelona
  • Enrique Pastor Seller, Universidad de Murcia
  • Francina Planas Vilella, Vincle. Associació per la Recerca i l’Acció Social
  • Laura Ponce de León Romero, Universidad Nacional de Educación a Distancia
  • Esther Raya Díez, Universidad de La Rioja
  • Enrique Raya Lozano, Universidad de Granada
  • Elena Requena Varón, Universitat Ramon Llull
  • David Rodríguez Abellán, board member of the Col·legi Oficial de Treball Social de Catalunya
  • Vicenta Rodríguez Martín, Universidad de Castilla-La Mancha
  • Montserrat Rovira Jarque, Ajuntament de Barcelona
  • Glòria Rubiol González, director of the RTS (1969-1975)
  • Emma Sobremonte de Mendicuti, Universidad de Deusto
  • Octavio Vázquez Aguado, Universidad de Huelva
  • Teresa Zamanillo Peral, Universidad Complutense de Madrid

THE TEAMS BEHIND THE NEWSLETTER OF THE ASSOCIATION OF SOCIAL WORKERS OF BARCELONA AND THE REVISTA DE TREBALL SOCIAL (SOCIAL WORK JOURNAL) OF THE OFFICIAL ASSOCIATION OF SOCIAL WORKERS OF CATALONIA

May 1960 heralded the start of the publication of the newsletter of the Association of Social Workers of Barcelona. It subsequently became a journal and has been published uninterruptedly ever since, maintaining the numbering of the periodical publication on social work. [1]

In the first eighteen issues none of the newsletters bears the date of publication or the names of the team behind them, says Glòria Rubiol: “According to verbal information from M. Teresa Infante”. Ms Rubiol, as the vice chair, along with M. Carmen Coll as the chair of the Association, were both responsible for the newsletter. [2]

It wasn’t until late 1964 that it was incumbent on M. Francesca Masgoret as a member of the Board to prepare the newsletter. At the time, she formed a team with M. Rosa Morera and Glòria Rubiol. With the support of the Board chaired by Beneta Llopis a decision was made to transform the newsletter into a publication in a journal format with a set frequency. [3]

In April 1965 the first edition of the journal was released. The number of pages rose to around 50 and the cover was printed bearing issue number 19 because the aim was to stick to the original numbering of the former newsletter. Indeed, the title still remained the same: Newsletter of the Association of Social Workers of Barcelona. Issue 20 was released in July 1965 in keeping with its commitment to be a quarterly publication.

The editorial board of the journal was mentioned for the first time in issue 23 (July to September 1966). In addition to the original team, it had been expanded to incorporate M. Teresa Font and Carme Segarra. The journal continued to follow the same design it had adopted since issue 19 up to issue 29 (January to May 1968) consisting of a cover that switched between the colours purple, brown and green.

In fact, it was the release of issue 29 that marked the new title Social Service Journal (in both Catalan and Spanish), with the cover printed in orange thereafter for a number of years. In 1969 it changed its name to Social Work Journal (in both Catalan and Spanish), which entailed changing the legal deposit number that has remained the same to this day. Likewise, issue 65 included for the first time the anagram RTS as an added reference to its name, and again still does to this day.

In 1969 the name of the director of the journal was first stated due to a mandatory legal requirement. At the start of the political transition, in 1975, RTS was the only professional journal about social work being published in Spain. [4] When the associations of social workers in Catalonia came together to form the Association of Social Workers of Catalonia in 1983, the journal was taken over by the Association. [5]

GSTRUCTURE OF THE TEAMS THAT HAVE BEEN BEHIND RTS

PERIOD ISSUES

DIRECTOR

TEAM MEMBERS

1964-1968

19-32

No director

M. Rosa Morera, Glòria Rubiol González, M. Francisca Masgoret Llardent, M. Teresa Font and Carme Segarra

The following individuals later joined: [6] M. Teresa Massons Rabassa and Pilar Fransitorra Brase

1969

33

Pilar Fransitorra Brase

Glòria Rubiol González, M. Dolores Llambés, M. Francisca Masgoret Llardent, M. Teresa Massons Rabassa, M. Rosa Morera, Amparo Porcel Mundó and Rosa Roca Soriano

1969-1975

34-58

Glòria Rubiol González

M. Dolors Llambés, M. Francisca Masgoret Llardent, M. Teresa Massons Rabassa, M. Rosa Morera and Amparo Porcel Mundó

The following individuals later joined: Rosa Roca Soriano, M. Eugenia Sánchez Carreté, Maria Urpina, M. Dolors Torra Torra, Rosa Romeu Tarragona and Monique Gayola

1975-1978

59-70

Maria Pia Barenys

Remei Bona, Montse Feu Closas, M. José Fernández, Beatriz Gomis, Montse Puig, Maria Urpina and Antonia Villoria

The following individuals later joined: Maria Assumpta Jutglar, Teresa Xufré and Núria Ribó

Contributors: [7] Emma Alonso, Maria Jutglar, Anna M. Carretero, Maria Ribó, Marina Valls and M. Rosa de Andrés

1978-1982

 

71-86 [8]

Beneta Llopis

Cristina Batlle, Josefina Bassets, M. José Bonet, Isabel Montraveta, Amparo Porcel Mundó, Conxita Requena, Glòria Rubiol González and Marina Valls

1982-1991

87-121

Beneta Llopis

Rosa M. Ferrer Valls, M. Teresa Font, Isabel Montraveta, Amparo Porcel Mundó, Rosa Romeu, Eugenia Ros and Isabel Vilaseca

The following individuals later joined: Joaquim Costa, Emilia Alonso and Montserrat Cusó Torelló

Representatives from the four delegations: Xavier Pelegrí Viaña (Lleida), Enric Roca and Dolors Colom Masfret (Manresa), Marià Casadevall (Girona) and Montse Ibarz Vidal-Barraquer (Tarragona)

Secretary: Consol Llopis

1991-1996

122-142

Beneta Llopis

Emilia Alonso, Montserrat Cusó Torelló, Rosa M. Ferrer Valls, Carme Garriga, Montserrat Grau, Rosa Miguel, Amparo Porcel Mundó, Rosa Romeu Tarragona and Eugenia Ros

Representatives from the four delegations: Dolors Colom Masfret (Manresa), Montse Ibarz Vidal-Barraquer (Tarragona), Xavier Pelegrí Viaña (Lleida) and Lola Serna González (Girona)

Secretary: Marta Izquierdo and Consol Llopis

1996-1998

143-150

Isabel Montraveta Rexach

Assumpta Benito Verdaguer, Milagros Calleja Gutiérrez, Montserrat Cusó Torelló, Pilar Fransitorra Brase, Carme Garriga Boadella, Magarida Gómez Rebolledo, Rosa M. Miguel Gil and M. Eugènia Sánchez Carreté

Representatives from the four delegations: Montse Ibarz Vidal-Barraquer (Tarragona), Lola Serna González (Girona), Andreu Quintana Calsina (Manresa) and Montse de Moner Farrero (Lleida)

Editor in chief: Josep Arenas Ponsa

Secretary: Consol Llopis and Marta Izquierdo

1998-2003

151-169

M. Teresa Massons Rabassa

Xavier Ballesteros Olazabal, Teresa Casanovas Garcia, M. Àngels Cregeira Arnau, Lola Gallego Hernández, Montse Gallego Salavedra, Benita Mediavilla Pablo, Silvia Pérez Corts and Pilar Porcel Omar

The following individuals later joined: Dolors Álvarez Bes, Marta Álvarez Castro, Melinda Jiménez Ibáñez, Imma Miret Nicolazzi, Mercè Moorey Sangenís and Isabel Raguer Suñer

Representatives from the delegations: José Luis Perolet Trillo (Lleida) and Joan Cortadellas Queralt (Girona). Later: M. José Sánchez Pérez (Lleida) and Laura Sarri Tutusaus (Lleida)

Secretary: Marta Izquierdo

Proofreaders: Joaquim Beltrán, Ignacio Gómez, Magda Mirabet and Maria Sitjà

2003

170-172

No director

Sonia Asensio Tejido, Olga Busquet Balsells, Izaskun Cendegui Jaques, Anna Jiménez Castells, M. José Marín González, Sonia Martínez Marín and Antonia Reyes Soto

Representatives from the delegations: Laura Sarri Tutusaus (Lleida)

Secretary: Marta Izquierdo

Proofreaders: Joaquim Beltrán, Ignacio Gómez, Magda Mirabet and Maria Sitjà

2004

173-176

Olga Busquet Balsells

M. José Marín González, Sonia Asensio Tejido, Sonia Martínez Marín, Gloria Navarro Latorre, Antonia Reyes Soto and Izaskun Cendegui Jaques

The following individuals later joined: Laura Domínguez Acebron and Montse Escudé Comerma

Secretary: Marta Izquierdo

Proofreaders: Joaquim Beltrán, Ignacio Gómez, Magda Mirabet and Maria Sitjà

2006-2010

177-190

Montserrat Bacardit Busquet (dir.)

Rosa M. Ferrer Valls (dep. dir.)

Manuel Miguel Pajuelo Valsera, David Paricio Salas, Pepita Rodríguez Molinet and Irene Vicente Zueras

Administrative assistant: Anna Pablos Ortuño

Advisory Board: Rogeli Armengol Millans, Montserrat Cusó Torelló, Josefina Fernández Barrera, Xavier Pelegrí Viaña, Carmina Puig Cruells, Cristina Rimbau Andreu, Glòria Rubiol González, M. del Carmen Sans Moyà and Toni Vilà Viñes

2010-2014

191-202

Montserrat Bacardit Busquet (dir.)

Rosa M. Ferrer Valls (dep. dir.)

Teresa Aragonés Viñes, Irene de Vicente Zueras, Josep M. Mesquida González, Pepita Rodríguez Molinet and Pepita Vergara Beltrán

Administrative assistant: Anna Pablos Ortuño

Advisory Board: Rogeli Armengol Millans, Montserrat Cusó Torelló, Josefina Fernández Barrera, Manuel Miguel Pajuelo Valsera, David Paricio Salas, Xavier Pelegrí Viaña, Milagros Pérez Oliva, Carmina Puig Cruells, Cristina Rimbau Andreu, Glòria Rubiol González, M. del Carmen Sans Moyà and Toni Vilà Mancebo

2014-2018

203-214

Rosa M. Ferrer Valls (dir.)

Pepita Vergara Beltrán (dep. dir.)

Carlos Alarcón Zwirnmann, Teresa Aragonés Viñes, Rosa M. Carrasco Coria, Rosa Garriga Blasco and Josep M. Mesquida González

Administrative assistant: Anna Pablos Ortuño

Technical Support: Laura Saula Tañá, Marta Ribas Porta and Jaume Ferrández Rubió

Advisory Board: Montserrat Bacardit Busquet, Laura Caravaca Morilla, Teresa Crespo Julià, Montserrat Cusó Torelló, Josefina Fernández Barrera, Carme Fernández Ges, José Antonio Langarita Adiego, Montserrat Mestres Anglà, Xavier Pelegrí Viaña, Carmina Puig Cruells, Cristina Rimbau Andreu, Pepita Rodríguez Molinet, Toni Vilà Mancebo Quesada, Cristina Villalba and Teresa Zamanillo Peral

2019-2022

215-222

Rosa M. Carrasco Coria (dir.)

Susana Lara Navas (dep. dir.)

Josep Cazorla Palomo, Yolanda Fierro Fidalgo, Matilde González Jiménez, Andrés Lorenzo Aparicio and Clara Santamaria Jordana

The following individuals later joined: Marta Arranz Montull and José Antonio Langarita Adiego

Technical Support: Jaume Ferrández Rubió

Editorial Advisory Board: Ana Alcaráz Campos, Beth Bàrbara Sirera, Maite Boldú Alfonso, Anna Maria Campanini, Cristina de Robertis, Teresa Facal Fondo, Josefa Fernández Barrera, Rosa M. Ferrer Valls, Josefa Fombuena Valero, Marga Garcia Canela, Victor Manuel Giménez-Bertomeu, Carme Guinovart Garriga, Francisco Idareta Goldaracena, M. Tereza Leal Cavalcante, Silvana Martínez, Miguel Miranda Aranda, Xavier Miranda Ruche, Carlos Montaño Barreto, Laura Morro Fernández, David Nadal Miquel, Belén Parra Ramajo, Enrique Pastor Seller, Francina Planas Vilella, Laura Ponce de León Romero, Esther Raya Díez, Enrique Raya Lozano, David Rodríguez Abellán Vicenta Rodríguez Martín, Montserrat Rovira Jarque, Emma Sobremonte de Mendicuti, Octavio Vázquez Aguado and Teresa Zamanillo Peral

 


[1] Feu, Montse and Rubiol González, Glòria. (2014). Les associacions d’assistents socials i el Col·legi de Treball Social de Catalunya. 80 anys d’associacionisme professional (1934-2014). Monograph issue 9. Official Association of Social Workers of Catalonia.

[2] Rubiol González, Glòria. (2010). 50 anys de la revista. Revista de Treball Social, 190, 17.

[3] Rubiol González, Glòria. (2001). D’un butlletí ciclostilat a la revista impresa. Revista de Treball Social, 164, 8.

[4] Rubiol González, Glòria. (1975). Informe sobre la Revista de Treball Social. Circular informativa AASB, p. 2-5.

[5] Rubiol González, Glòria. (2010). 50 anys de la revista. Revista de Treball Social, 190, 9.

[6] No mention is made of the individuals who for various reasons left the editorial teams over the period.

[7] As of issue 60 and until the present, contributors are named.

[8] Still as the Association of Social Workers of Barcelona (AASB) and as of the following issue it appeared as the Official Association of Graduates in Social Work and Social Workers.