The purpose of this article is to set out the results of a qualitative study on the discourse produced in the field of social work concerning gender-based violence. It is a study that aims to identify and reflect on the implications of discourse in the development of professional practice. The aim is thus to contribute to a reflection on theoretical foundations and
discourses, highlighting the reality of interventions by social workers in the province of Barcelona.
To this end, we conducted and analysed 20 interviews with social workers in depth, addressing conceptualisation and approaches to gender- based violence. The results reveal: 1) the lack of a consensus on the conceptualisation of the phenomenon; and 2) the incoherence between understandings and professional approaches. Together with the other elements identified and set out in this research, this illustrates the difficulties existing in terms of the attention to and transformation of this reality.